Articles About Copyright Law

In the News – Online Obscenity

Toronto Internet Lawyer discussed the legality of posting the Luka Magnotta video on the Best Gore website with the national and international media. Mr. Zvulony took the position that the posting of the video violated Canada's obscenity laws.
By Penyulap (Own work) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Copyright Exemptions: “Research” or “Private Study”

Toronto Copyright lawyer discusses the Research and Private Study Defence.
By From File:NotCommons-emblem-copyrighted.svg: " Commons-emblem-restricted-permission.svg: GNOME icon artists, User:ViperSnake151 and User:FleetCommand Commons-emblem-copyright.svg: GNOME icon artists and ViperSnake151 Commons-emblem-query.svg: GNOME icon artists and ViperSnake151 This derivative work: Fleet Command (talk) " From File:Crystal_Clear_action_run.png: "Everaldo Coelho and YellowIcon" [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Bill C-32 – Changes to the Copyright Act – What it means for Content Creators

Bill C-32, also known as the Copyright Modernization Act, are proposed amendments to the Canada’s Copyright Act. Many consider these changes long overdue. The last time that the Copyright Act was amended was in 1997. Since that time, we have seen the advent of technological powerhouses such as Facebook, Twitter, Skype, YouTube and Google among countless others. Just as these entities have reshaped the way we interact with technology and share information, regulatory guidelines that address these shifts are also essential. Bill C-32 attempts to address these technological trends and the new challenges that they present.

What is Copyleft?

The concept of copyright protection is based on the notion that people who create creative works deserve protection for their expression, and need an incentive to keep creating. The theory is that creators create in order to get financial payback for creating, and also to be identified with the work in question. Authors typically want to control the use of their work and place conditions on the use of the work.
By Angel.F (image created by Angel.F) [CC BY 2.5 (, GFDL ( or CC-BY-SA-3.0 (], via Wikimedia Commons

Toronto Copyright Lawyer: The Legality of Music Sampling

Most people who listen to urban styles of music, like rap, hip hop and dance, know that the beats they hear on a recording have been taken from somewhere else. The increasing affordability of recording technology in today’s commonplace home studio makes the use of other people’s music more and more widespread. Music sampling is roughly defined as lifting a piece of recorded music (a “sample”) from an existing recording and using it in a new recording. Often, a few bars containing a drum beat will be repeated in “looped” sequence to form the backbeat of the new recording. At other times, the sample may be of vocals, other instruments, or even a nanosecond of background noise. The sample may then be manipulated in different ways and combined with other sounds and sound effects to make a new creation. What is common to all of these incidents is the use of someone else’s recording to produce a new one.
By Shinealight. (Own work.) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Who Owns Copyright at Work?

Toronto Copyright Lawyer discusses who own copyright of works created at the workplace during the course of employment.

What is Copyright?

Copyright is a legal right granted by the Canadian Copyright Act which gives the copyright owner the exclusive right to do certain things with a copyright protected work, such as making copies of the work, or giving permission to others to make copies. The rights granted to a copyright holder by Section 3 of the Copyright Act are as follows:

Toronto Copyright Lawyer Discusses Author Rights and Moral Rights in Canada

Moral Rights (Sometimes called Author's Rights) are rights granted exclusively to authors of works under the Copyright Act ( R.S., 1985, c. C-42 ). Moral Rights are distinguished from the copyrights that belong to copyright owners (who may or may not be the author of the work). Section 14.1 of the Copyright Act defines moral rights as follows:

What is an Implied License in Canadian Copyright Law?

Copyright in Canada is protected by the Copyright Act ( R.S., 1985, c. C-42 ). Section 3 of the Copyright Act grants the owner of the copyright the sole right to reproduce copyrighted works. A copyright owner can give permission to reproduce the work. Such permission is, in legal jargon, called a "copyright licence".